Quality is a top priority for U.S. sorghum farmers. The United States Department of Agriculture’s Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration established the following sorghum grading requirements.
NOTE: Commodity sorghum, as defined by the U.S. Grains Standard Act, can be a mixture of colors, including white, yellow, pink, orange, red or bronze. Any type of sorghum can be identity preserved to be directed into an industry or food sector to satisfy a particular need.
USDA Sorghum Quality Report
Red, orange or bronze-colored sorghum is the most traditionally grown in the U.S. and is used in all segments of the sorghum market, including biofuels production, livestock feed, exports, the human food industry and more.
Tan or white sorghum is often used for the food industry because of its neutral flavor. It can be used as a whole grain or the pericarp may also be removed to create a pearled sorghum. Whole grain or pearled sorghum is great on salads, in soups and more. Most sorghum food products today contain tan or white sorghum.
Black sorghum is often used in the food industry due to its high levels of antioxidants and phytochemicals that have shown potential health benefits. Black sorghum is normally produced by growers who are contracted to grow the grain for a specific purpose.